Early on golf clubs contained wooden shafts, most often times made of hickory. These kinds of shafts were tough and endured the forces fashioned via the golf swing, nevertheless compared to modern, far more stiff shafts, their high flexibility required an expert swing to show unchanging results.
Prior to 1935, hickory was the main material with regard to shaft making, but it proved very tough to master for a large number of golfers, as well as being pretty frail. Steel would come to be the ubiquitous option for much of the next half of the twentieth century. Despite the fact that heavier than hickory, it is very much stronger and much more consistent in its functionality. Before to steel, a player would need a moderately different swing for each shaft given the inherent disproportionateness in the Hickory Golf Club Shafts. The graphite shaft was first marketed in 1970 at the PGA Merchandise Show but did not achieve widespread use till the mid-1990s and is currently used on nearly all woods and some iron sets, as the carbon-fiber composite of graphite shafts boasts increased flex for higher clubhead speed at the price of somewhat reduced accuracy due to significantly greater torque. Steel, which commonly has lower torque but less flex than graphite, is still frequently preferred by many for irons, wedges, and putters as these clubs stress accuracy and reliability over distance.
Graphite shafts commenced becoming known in the late twentieth century. The graphite shaft was designed by Frank Thomas in 1969 while working as Chief Design Engineer for Shakespeare Sporting Goods, in collaboration alongside Union Carbide. The initial graphite shafts produced by Shakespeare Sporting Goods were actually filament wound, had exceptionally consistent properties and were seriously expensive. Subsequent, less costly flag wrapped models of the graphite shaft presented by other organizations many years later had conflicting properties and as a result professionals and skilled amateurs were at the beginning hesitant of the new technology when compared to steel; that being said, advances in technology, developed by Bruce Williams, an engineer working with an Ohio-based composites corporation, gradually changed this opinion.
The shaft is close to.5 inch/12 millimeters in diameter close to the grip and in between 35-48 inches/89– 115 cm in overall length. Shafts weigh between 45 and 150 grams depending on the material and measurements.
Graphite shafts are meshed from carbon fiber and are typically less heavy in weight than steel shafts. Graphite shafts came to be in demand amongst amateurs since lighter weight promoted generate escalated club-head speed. The carbon fiber furthermore frittered away some of the painful vibrations that were brought on by badly hit shots.
Shafts are gauged in a number of different approaches. The most current is the shaft flex. Merely, the shaft flex is the quantity in which the shaft will bend once placed under a load. A stiffer shaft will never flex as much, which mandates more strength to bend and “whip” through the ball properly (which results in elevated club speed at impact for increased distance), whereas a more flexible shaft will likely whip with lesser power expected for greater distance on slow swings, but can torque and over-flex if swung with too much power causing the head not to be straight, resulting in diminished accuracy.